据绿润百科网站「蝶舞浅夏〆」消息,近日,欧洲地形特征(欧洲地形特征和气候特征)「知识普及」引发热议,欧洲地形特征和气候特征同样引起许多争议,对此众网友各抒己见。但到底是怎么回事呢?绿润百科为您解答。

欧洲地形特征

欧洲地形以平原为主,冰川地形分布较广,高山峻岭汇集南部。海拔200米以上的高原、丘陵和山地约占全洲面积的30%,海拔200米以下的平原约占全洲面积的70%。全洲平均海拔300米,是平均海拔最低的一洲。欧洲的平原和丘陵主要分布在欧洲东部、西部和中部,主要有东欧平原、中欧平原和西欧平原。其中东欧平原面积400万平方千米,是世界第二大平原。山脉主要集中在南部,阿尔卑斯山脉是欧洲最雄伟高大的山脉。以此为中心,向东伸展为喀尔巴阡山脉,向东南延伸为狄纳里克阿尔卑斯山脉,向南延伸为亚平宁山脉,向西南延伸为比利牛斯山脉。北部斯堪的纳维亚山脉地势比较平缓,沿海有许多深入内陆、两岸陡峭的峡湾。

欧洲地形特征和气候特征

1、首先西欧为温带海洋性气候,南欧为地中海气候,东欧中欧及其他大部为温带大陆性气候。 温带海洋性气候:冬暖夏凉,年温差小:海洋性气候区内愈靠近大洋,气候的海洋性愈强。特别是在冬季,因沿岸有暖流经过,西风从暖流海面吹来,气流温暖潮湿,因此冬季气温比同纬度的大陆中心和大陆东岸暖得多。最冷月均温均在0℃以上。夏季时暖流水温仍较大陆温度低,海上要比陆上凉得多,这里受西风影响最热月均温在22℃以下。由于冬暖夏凉,年温差要比同纬度其它地区小得多。

2、全年有雨,冬雨较多:此区正当温带气旋 活动的路径上,气旋雨量丰沛,特别是冬季时温带气旋更为活跃,雨日很多,但降水强度并不大。冬季降水量在全年所占比例稍大,全年没有干季。 地中海气候,夏季受副热带高气压带控制,地中海水温相比陆地低从而形成高压,加大了副热带高气压带的影响势力,冬季地中海的水温又相对较高,形成低压,

【英文介绍/For English】:

The terrain of Europe is dominated by plains, with wide distribution of glaciers and mountains and mountains in the south. Plateaus, hills and mountains above 200 meters above sea level account for about 30% of the continent's area, and the plains below 200 meters above sea level account for about 70% of the continent's area. The average elevation of the whole continent is 300 meters, which is the continent with the lowest average elevation. The plains and hills of Europe are mainly distributed in the eastern, western and central parts of Europe, mainly including the Eastern European Plain, the Central European Plain and the Western European Plain. Among them, the Eastern European Plain covers an area of ​​4 million square kilometers and is the second largest plain in the world. The mountains are mainly concentrated in the south, and the Alps are the most majestic and tall mountains in Europe. From this center, the Carpathian Mountains extend to the east, the Dinaric Alps to the southeast, the Apennine Mountains to the south, and the Pyrenees Mountains to the southwest. The northern Scandinavian mountains are relatively flat, and there are many fjords deep inland along the coast.